Comma butterfly (Polygonia c-album), photos, identification, life cycle, aberrations, caterpillar instars, larval foodplants of this British butterfly. The caterpillar’s main food plants are the Common Nettle and Hops but may also be found on species of Willow, Elms and Currants. The adult butterfly will emerge within three weeks. Adult. Full-grown comma butterflies have a wingspan of about 45 mm or 1.8 inches. The name comma butterfly derives from the small white 'C'-shaped marking resembling a comma on the underside of its wings. Commas can exhibit both mimicking and polyphenism, a phenomenon where multiple morphs exist in a population.Class: Insecta.
Eastern Comma Polygonia comma (Harris, 1842) Adult Food: Rotting fruit and tree sap. Habitat: Deciduous woodlands; woods near rivers, marshes, swamps, and other water sources. Range: Eastern half of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains from southern Canada to central Texas and the Gulf Coast. Conservation: Not usually required. Hoary Comma Polygonia gracilis (Grote & Robinson, 1867) Caterpillar Hosts: Currants and gooseberries (Ribes), western azalea (Rhododendron occidentale), and mock azalea (Menziesia glabella). Adult Food: Sap and nectar from flowers of sweet everlasting (Gnaphalium) among others.
Apr 24, 2013 · Butterflies that Punctuate: The Eastern Comma and the Question Mark. The reason that I’m seeing these butterflies already is that like the Mourning Cloak butterfly, both species hibernate as adult butterflies over the winter by hiding in nooks and crannies. This makes both species long-lived for a butterfly; they top off at about eight months.Author: Deb Platt. Adult Food Sources The Eastern Comma rarely visits flowers, feeding instead at fermenting fruit, tree sap, and animal droppings. Recorded nectaring at Common Milkweed, Joe-Pye-Weed, and Smooth Sumac by Atlas workers.
The Comma is a fascinating butterfly. The scalloped edges and cryptic colouring of the wings conceal hibernating adults amongst dead leaves, while the larvae, flecked with brown and white markings, bear close resemblance to bird droppings. The species has a flexible life cycle, which allows it to capitalize on favourable weather conditions. Adult: More info: Massachusetts Butterfly Atlas Website: More info: Butterflies of Massachusetts Website: Eastern Comma - Polygonia comma. Photo by Barbara Spencer - 7/5/2007 Cummington Summer Form. Top of Page. Eastern Comma - Polygonia comma. Photo by Barbara Spencer - Abundance: Very uncommon to uncommon.
Each species of butterflies has nectar plants that they prefer but many adult butterflies will feed from a wide variety of nectar sources. Butterflies are not as specific in their food source as are their caterpillars. A few adult butterfly species even prefer rotting fruit and dung as opposed to nectar. The butterfly gets its name from the only white marking on its underside, which resembles a comma. When resting with wings closed this butterfly has excellent camouflage, the jagged outline of the wings giving the appearance of a withered leaf, making the butterfly inconspicuous when resting on a tree trunk or when hibernating.